Nuclear medicine is a new discipline that uses nuclear techniques to diagnose, treat, and study diseases. It is a combination of modern science, technology and medicine in nuclear technology, electronic technology, computer technology, chemistry, physics, and biology. Nuclear medicine can be divided into two categories: clinical nuclear medicine and basic nuclear medicine or experimental nuclear medicine.
1. Staff should understand the basic knowledge and clinical knowledge of radionuclides, and be familiar with the various work routines. They must pass the relevant regulations and pass the examination and experience. They can only participate in the operation by holding a radioactive work permit in accordance with national regulations.
2. The construction of medical nuclear chambers is broadly divided into: clean areas (offices, conference rooms); work areas (measurement rooms, scanning rooms, tracers, etc.); active areas (injection rooms, storage rooms, dispensing rooms, washing rooms) Wards, etc.) The work area and the active area should be further divided into high, medium and low active areas according to the different radioactive intensity. Clean and active areas and working areas should be provided with sanitary inter-passage, cleanliness, and decontamination facilities; clean areas and active areas should have separate passageways to communicate with the outside world, and separate toilets should be provided for the access and use of workers and patients.
3. Workers should wear protective equipment when they enter the active area, and should pass through the sanitation process before leaving the high-activity operating area.
4. The camping equipment, equipment, and cleaning tools must be fixed and used in accordance with the district, and should not be confused. All cleaning methods in the nuclear medicine department should be cleaned with dust and dirt.
5. Nuclear medicine studios must be equipped with radioactive solid, liquid and gas radioactive waste treatment and/or storage facilities; the articles used by patients should be used in a fixed manner; excretions and dressings that come into contact with excreta, cotton, paper, etc., should be conducted in accordance with relevant state regulations. deal with.
6. Conducting radionuclide (radioactive drug) operations, including preparation, dispensing, application, storage, etc., shall be carried out in a dedicated operation room; among which open, high-activity operations (generators washing, marking, dispensing) shall be performed exclusively. The inside of the fume hood; high-activity operation room should have necessary decontamination, ventilation and other protective equipment.
7. The active working area must not eat, drink, or stay (except for patients undergoing special inspections).
8. No radionuclide operations may be carried out in clean areas and other inactive areas. Radioactive substances and instruments may not be carried in. Patients who have used radiopharmaceuticals may not enter to prevent radioactive contamination.
9. All staff members should conduct regular occupational examinations and establish health records; they must consciously abide by relevant protection regulations and operating rules, and have the obligation to take the initiative to participate in the management and supervision of radioactive workplaces, and to report to higher authorities and related departments in a special case.
10. Strictly follow the operational requirements. Do not arbitrarily change the dosage and inspection (imaging) conditions of the tracer given to the patient without permission.